FITTED Due Diligence for Alcohol Wholesalers – What is FITTED? Does yours pass the test?
HMRC due diligence requirements are known by the name FITTED. They are also referred to as “the due diligence condition”. HMRC Excise Industry FITTED was introduced to the duty suspended Excise industry in Nov 2014 as part of WOWGR compliance and was applied to the AWRS scheme in 2017. It is set out in HMRC’s Excise Notice 196 and Notice 2002.
HMRC Excise Industry FITTED
To Assist Those who are Still Working on their Due Diligence. Here are Altion Law’s top tips on how to Help Improve your Due Diligence
Due diligence documents should be scrutinised. They should be checked by the business requesting them. It is not sufficient to merely ask for documents, and then store them away at the business. Failure to carry out sufficient checks on a business, could leave you at risk of assessments and wrongdoing penalties being raised. It can also result in having stock seized.
Always remember that the test of your due diligence is one of hindsight. Based on the paperwork, and the operations of a trading partner. Ask yourself, should you, or ought you to have known that there was a problem or a concern?
1:Have a Process
Go through the same steps every time you want to work with a new supplier, or customer as this helps with consistency. You know what you do as part of your checks. Other companies now need to confirmation you are meeting FITTED standards. HMRC will also ask you details of the process you go through as part of your Alcohol Wholesalers Registration Scheme (AWRS) interview. It is easier to write this down in the form of a policy, as this will give you a standard question form and checklist. This will also reduce the opportunity for mistakes. If staff assist with completing these checklists, a written policy will assist with training and consistency.
2:Check the Paperwork
It sounds basic but, you cannot rely upon the paperwork given to you. You must confirm its contents. If you are given a Certificate of Incorporation, go onto Companies House or the appropriate state registry (gov.uk contains a list of key states) and confirm the company exists. Check the VAT number matches, and is valid online (VIES or gov.uk). Confirm the directors. Confirm the registered address are as per your conversations; Carry out websites checks. Check passports and utility bills you have received (there are various websites which permit you to confirm the validity of documents such as passport or ID cards and addresses).
3:Do a Site Visit, do an Identity Check and a Credit Check
You should meet an individual face to face. If this simply isn’t possible use Zoom, FaceTime, Whatsapp,or one of the other online platforms. If you haven’t met the individual in person or seen them, how can you be sure that the person on the paperwork is who they say they are? You want a visual facial match to the documentation in front of you. Online credit checks are easily available, and can be sourced on a one off basis for around £10 for UK registered entities, or £30 for non UK companies. This will provide you with another independent check and a recommended credit rating. Many agencies also provide monitoring services for a monthly fee. You can then create a portfolio of companies, based upon their risk ratings.
4:Duty Status and Supply Chain
For commercial confidentiality reasons you cannot force another company to provide you with details of their supplier. However, you can ask about where their goods are sourced from. Do they buy from manufacturers, other wholesalers. Is it within the UK or from mainland EU? Are those goods duty paid or duty suspended? These answers can help form a defence if the goods are found to be non-duty paid. Remember that a refusal to provide this information is itself an indicator of a potential risk.
5: Confirm who Actually Controls and Owns the Company
There is a difference between beneficial and controlling ownership. If another company owns the company you want to do trade with, you need to review that company’s ownership as well. Anyone who owns more than 25% of a company needs to be identified, and ID obtained. Additionally you need to understand who controls the company. If they know what they are doing, e.g. a director who has a history in the industry, or has had some exposure in a previous but similar type of company. You are looking to ensure that you are confident the company is run by the person or people you have met. You are checking that there isn’t someone in the shadows controlling the business.
6: Do you know who is Moving the Goods and, Why?
Understand who will be moving your goods. Whether they have what is required to do this correctly. This could assist if any issues are raised at a later stage. This area is often disputed. But, HMRC cannot require FITTED level due diligence to be undertaken on Hauliers by wholesalers. This is unless they are directly instructed. They however are companies involved in the supply chain of Alcohol, some due diligence on Hauliers must be undertaken.
7:The Deal – Is it too Good to be True
How much are the goods? Does it make commercial sense? These are questions that only those in the industry who know the market pricing can answer. Markets go up and down. This is depending on demand and product quality. Law firms, accountants, tax advisors are not commercially trading in your market. They cannot comment accurately on the commerciality of a deal.
Your due diligence contains some sensitive business information. It is possible to clone a company. To obtain fake utility bills on line, so be aware. Don’t make yourself an easy target by putting your paperwork online. Only provide your company paperwork to entities that you know you want to trade with. Having carried out at least some basic checks on.
Our team can assist you if you have concerns about the quality of your due diligence checks for your current business or for a future business opportunities.
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